Social Security Administration (SSA) Grid Rules

Grid for Sedentary Work

Sedentary work involves lifting no more than 10 pounds at a time and occasionally lifting or carrying articles like docket files, ledgers, and small tools. Although a sedentary job is defined as one which involves sitting, a certain amount of walking and standing is often necessary in carrying out job duties. Jobs are sedentary if walking and standing are required occasionally and other sedentary criteria are met.

Rule
Age
Education
Previous Work
Experience
Decision
201.01 Advanced Age
(55 and Over)
Limited or less
(No high school diploma or GED)
Unskilled or none Disabled
201.02 Advanced Age
(55 and Over)
Limited or less
(No high school diploma or GED)
Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Disabled
201.03 Advanced Age
(55 and Over)1
Limited or less
(No high school diploma or GED)
Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Not disabled
201.04 Advanced Age
(55 and Over)
High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work Unskilled or none Disabled
201.05 Advanced Age
(55 and Over)
High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work Unskilled or none Not disabled
201.06 Advanced Age
(55 and Over)
High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Disabled
201.07 Advanced Age
(55 and Over)
High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Not disabled
201.08 Advanced Age
(55 and Over)
High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Not disabled
201.09 Closely Approaching Advanced Age (50 to 54) Limited or less
(No high school diploma or GED)
Unskilled or none Disabled
201.10 Closely Approaching Advanced Age (50 to 54) Limited or less
(No high school diploma or GED)
Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Disabled
201.11 Closely Approaching Advanced Age (50 to 54) Limited or less
(No high school diploma or GED)
Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Not disabled
201.12 Closely Approaching Advanced Age (50 to 54) High school graduate or more-provides for direct entry into skilled work Unskilled or none Disabled
201.13 Closely Approaching Advanced Age (50 to 54) High school graduate or more-provides for direct entry into skilled work Unskilled or none Not disabled
201.14 Closely Approaching Advanced Age (50 to 54) High school graduate or more-provides for direct entry into skilled work Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Disabled
201.15 Closely Approaching Advanced Age (50 to 54) High school graduate or more-provides for direct entry into skilled work Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Not disabled
201.16 Closely Approaching Advanced Age (50 to 54) High school graduate or more-provides for direct entry into skilled work Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Not disabled
201.17 Younger Individual Age
(45-49)
Illiterate or unable to communicate in English Unskilled or none Disabled
201.18 Younger Individual Age
(45-49)
Limited or less
(No high school diploma or GED)
Unskilled or none Not disabled
201.19 Younger Individual Age
(45-49)
Limited or less
(No high school diploma or GED)
Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Not disabled
201.20 Younger Individual Age
(45-49)
Limited or less
(No high school diploma or GED)
Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable Not disabled
201.21 Younger Individual Age
(45-49)
High school graduate or more Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Not disabled
201.22 Younger Individual Age
(45-49)
High school graduate or more Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable Not disabled
201.23 Younger Individual Age
(18-44)
Illiterate or unable to communicate in English Unskilled or none Not disabled
201.24 Younger Individual Age
(18-44))
Limited or less
(No high school diploma or GED)-at least literate and able to communicate in English
Unskilled or none Not disabled
201.25 Younger Individual Age
(18-44)
Limited or less
(No high school diploma or GED)
Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Not disabled
201.26 Younger Individual Age
(18-44)
Limited or less
(No high school diploma or GED)
Skilled or semiskilled-skills nottransferable Not disabled
201.27 Younger Individual Age
(18-44)
High school graduate or more Unskilled or none Not disabled
201.28 Younger Individual Age
(18-44)
High school graduate or more Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Not disabled
201.29 High school graduate or more Limited or less
(No high school diploma or GED)
Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable Not disabled

Grid for Light Work

Light work involves lifting no more than 20 pounds at a time with frequent lifting or carrying of objects weighing up to 10 pounds. Even though the weight lifted may be very little, a job is in this category when it requires a good deal of walking or standing, or when it involves sitting most of the time with some pushing and pulling of arm or leg controls. To be considered capable of performing a full or wide range of light work, you must have the ability to do substantially all of these activities. If someone can do light work, SSA determines that he or she can also do sedentary work, unless there are additional limiting factors such as loss of fine dexterity or inability to sit for long periods of time.

Rule
Age
Education
Previous Work
Experience
Decision
202.01 Advanced Age
(55 and Over)
Limited or less
(No high school diploma or GED)
Unskilled or none Disabled
202.02 Advanced Age
(55 and Over)
Limited or less
(No high school diploma or GED)
Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Disabled
202.03 Advanced Age
(55 and Over)1
Limited or less
(No high school diploma or GED)
Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Not disabled
202.04 Advanced Age
(55 and Over)
High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work Unskilled or none Disabled
202.05 Advanced Age
(55 and Over)
High school graduate or more-provides for direct entry into skilled work Unskilled or none Not disabled
202.06 Advanced Age
(55 and Over)
High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Disabled
202.07 Advanced Age
(55 and Over)
High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable Not disabled
202.08 Advanced Age
(55 and Over)
High school graduate or more-provides for direct entry into skilled work Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Not disabled
202.09 Closely Approaching Advanced Age (50 to 54) Illiterate or unable to communicate in English Unskilled or none Disabled
202.10 Closely Approaching Advanced Age (50 to 54) Limited or less
(No high school diploma or GED) -at least literate and able to communicate in English
Unskilled or none Not disabled
202.11 Closely Approaching Advanced Age (50 to 54) Limited or less
(No high school diploma or GED)
Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Not disabled
202.12 Closely Approaching Advanced Age (50 to 54) Limited or less
(No high school diploma or GED)
Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable Not disabled
202.13 Closely Approaching Advanced Age (50 to 54) High school graduate or more Unskilled or none Not disabled
202.14 Closely Approaching Advanced Age (50 to 54) High school graduate or more Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Not disabled
202.15 Closely Approaching Advanced Age (50 to 54) High school graduate or more Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable Not disabled
202.16 Closely Approaching Advanced Age (50 to 54) Illiterate or unable to communicate in English Unskilled or none Not disabled
202.17 Younger Individual
(45-49)
Limited or less (No high school diploma or GED)-at least literate and able to communicate in English Unskilled or none Not disabled
202.18 Younger Individual
(45-49)
Limited or less
(No high school diploma or GED)
Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Not disabled
202.19 Younger Individual Limited or less
(No high school diploma or GED)
Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable Not disabled
202.20Younger IndividualHigh school graduate or moreunskilled or noneNot disabled
202.21 Younger Individual High school graduate or more Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Not disabled
202.22 Younger Individual High school graduate or more Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable Not disabled

Grid for Medium Work

Medium work involves lifting no more than 50 pounds at a time with frequent lifting or carrying of objects weighing up to 25 pounds. If someone can do medium work, SSA determines that he or she can also do sedentary and light work.

Rule
Age
Education
Previous Work
Experience
Decision
203.01 Closely approaching retirement age Marginal or none Unskilled or none Disabled
203.02 Closely approaching retirement age Limited or less
(No high school diploma or GED)
None Disabled
203.03 Closely approaching retirement age Limited Unskilled Not disabled
203.04 Closely approaching retirement age Limited or less (No high school diploma or GED) Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Not disabled
203.05 Closely approaching retirement age< td> Limited or less (No high school diploma or GED) Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable Not disabled
203.06 Closely approaching retirement age High school graduate or more Unskilled or None Disabled
203.07 Closely approaching retirement age High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Not disabled
203.08 Closely approaching retirement age High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable Not disabled
203.09 Closely approaching retirement age High school graduate or more-provides for direct entry into skilled work Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Not disabled
203.10 Advanced Age (55 and Over) Limited or less
(No high school diploma or GED)
None Disabled
203.11 Advanced Age (55 and Over) Limited or less
(No high school diploma or GED)
Unskilled Not disabled
203.12 Advanced Age (55 and Over) Limited or less
(No high school diploma or GED)
Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Not disabled
203.13 Advanced Age (55 and Over) Limited or less
(No high school diploma or GED)
Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable Not disabled
203.14 Advanced Age (55 and Over) High school graduate or more Unskilled or none Not disabled
203.15 Advanced Age (55 and Over) High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Not disabled
203.16 Advanced Age (55 and Over) High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable Not disabled
203.17 Advanced Age (55 and Over) High school graduate or more-provides for direct entry into skilled work Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Not disabled
203.18 Closely Approaching Advanced Age
(50 to 54)
Limited or less
(No high school diploma or GED)
Unskilled or none Not disabled
203.19 Closely Approaching Advanced Age
(50 to 54)
Limited or less
(No high school diploma or GED)
Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Not disabled
203.20 Closely Approaching Advanced Age
(50 to 54)
Limited or less
(No high school diploma or GED)
Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable Not disabled
203.21 Closely Approaching Advanced Age
(50 to 54)
High school graduate or more Unskilled or none Not disabled
203.22 Closely Approaching Advanced Age
(50 to 54)
High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Not disabled
203.23 Closely Approaching Advanced Age
(50 to 54)
High school graduate or more--does not provide for direct entry into skilled work Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable Not disabled
203.24 Closely Approaching Advanced Age
(50 to 54)
High school graduate or more-provides for direct entry into skilled work Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Not disabled
203.25 Younger Individual Limited or less (No high school diploma or GED Unskilled or none Not disabled
203.26 Younger Individual Limited or less (No high school diploma or GED Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Not disabled
203.27 Younger Individual Limited or less (No high school diploma or GED Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable Not disabled
203.28 Younger Individual High school graduate or more Unskilled or none Not disabled
203.29 Younger Individual High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable Not disabled
203.30 Younger Individual High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable Not disabled
203.31 Younger Individual High school graduate or more-provides for direct entry into skilled work Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable Not disabled

Unskilled work. Unskilled work is work which needs little or no judgment to do simple duties that can be learned on the job in a short period of time. The job may or may not require considerable strength. For example, SSA considers jobs unskilled if the primary work duties are handling, feeding and offbearing (that is, placing or removing materials from machines which are automatic or operated by others), or machine tending, and a person can usually learn to do the job in 30 days, and little specific vocational preparation and judgment are needed. A person does not gain work skills by doing unskilled jobs.

Semi-skilled work. Semi-skilled work is work which needs some skills but does not require doing the more complex work duties. Semi-skilled jobs may require alertness and close attention to watching machine processes; or inspecting, testing or otherwise looking for irregularities; or tending or guarding equipment, property, materials, or persons against loss, damage or injury; or other types of activities which are similarly less complex than skilled work, but more complex than unskilled work. A job may be classified as semi-skilled where coordination and dexterity are necessary, as when hands or feet must be moved quickly to do repetitive tasks.

Skilled work. Skilled work requires qualifications in which a person uses judgment to determine the machine and manual operations to be performed in order to obtain the proper form, quality, or quantity of material to be produced. Skilled work may require laying out work, estimating quality, determining the suitability and needed quantities of materials, making precise measurements, reading blueprints or other specifications, or making necessary computations or mechanical adjustments to control or regulate the work. Other skilled jobs may require dealing with people, facts, or figures or abstract ideas at a high level of complexity.

Skills that can be used in other work (transferability)—(1) What we mean by transferable skills. SSA considers you to have skills that can be used in other jobs, when the skilled or semi-skilled work activities you did in past work can be used to meet the requirements of skilled or semi-skilled work activities of other jobs or kinds of work.

Transferability is most probable and meaningful among jobs in which—

(i) The same or a lesser degree of skill is required;

(ii) The same or similar tools and machines are used; and

(iii) The same or similar raw materials, products, processes, or services are involved.

Degrees of transferability. There are degrees of transferability of skills ranging from very close similarities to remote and incidental similarities among jobs. A complete similarity of all three factors is not necessary for transferability. However, when skills are so specialized or have been acquired in such an isolated vocational setting (like many jobs in mining, agriculture, or fishing) that they are not readily usable in other industries, jobs, and work settings, SSA considers that they are not transferable.

Transferability of skills for persons of advanced age. If you are of advanced age (age 55 or older), and you have a severe impairment(s) that limits you to sedentary or light work, SSA will find that you cannot make an adjustment to other work unless you have skills that you can transfer to other skilled or semiskilled work (or you have recently completed education which provides for direct entry into skilled work) that you can do despite your impairment(s). SSA will decide if you have transferable skills as follows. If you are of advanced age and you have a severe impairment(s) that limits you to no more than sedentary work, SSA will find that you have skills that are transferable to skilled or semiskilled sedentary work only if the sedentary work is so similar to your previous work that you would need to make very little, if any, vocational adjustment in terms of tools, work processes, work settings, or the industry. If you are of advanced age but have not attained age 60, and you have a severe impairment(s) that limits you to no more than light work, SSA will apply a series of factors to decide if you have skills that are transferable to skilled or semiskilled light work. If you are closely approaching retirement age (age 60 or older) and you have a severe impairment(s) that limits you to no more than light work, SSA will find that you have skills that are transferable to skilled or semiskilled light work only if the light work is so similar to your previous work that you would need to make very little, if any, vocational adjustment in terms of tools, work processes, work settings, or the industry.